211 North Canal Street (also entrance on corner of North Wall and Jefferson Streets)
Natchez, MS 39120
Hours: Friday and Saturday, 10 a.m. to 3 p.m.
During Pilgrimage consult Natchez Pilgrimage Tours brochure for tour times.
Step into the early years of Natchez with a visit to the House on Ellicott Hill before you
see the later, grander Natchez mansions. You will then understand the difference
between the before and after of cotton’s ascension to King Cotton which is what
accounted for the city’s eventual great wealth.
Now a National Historic Landmark, the purchase of the then-dilapidated structure in
1934 by the nascent Natchez Garden Club and its subsequent restoration stand as the
first such preservation project undertaken by a private civic organization in this state.
It shows what life was like in the post-colonial period. This Federal-style home was
one of the first built in the Natchez Territory and is the last of its kind remaining on
Canal Street. (This street was originally the most sought-after land as it then had an
unimpeded view of the river.) A prominent Natchez merchant and planter, James Moore,
had it built between 1798 and 1801. Subsequently, it had several renters. Inventories of
this early period were used as the bases of the present furnishings.
On the ground floor you will see the preparation kitchen where food cooked outside (in
a no-longer extant building) was readied. Also, there is a large central room now set as if for meetings or displays of wares. The upper story is more high-style. The second floor interior is a fully-developed example of Federal decorative style, with elaborate dining room furnishings, a parlor with inset dome featuring a crystal chandelier, and surrounding period rooms.
One of the historic events associated with the house was the raising of the first United States flag in the Natchez District. The Colonial Dames of America has placed a monument (adjacent to the parking lot atop the hill) commemorating this occasion. It reads: “Andrew Ellicott commissioned by President Washington to survey the 30th North Latitude as the Southern Boundary of the United States by the Treaty of San Lorenzo
with Spain arrived in Natchez on February 24, 1797, and on this hill, a few days later
raised the flag of the United States. Erected 1959 by Chapter XV, The Colonial Dames
Museum Gift Shop on premises.
The 1797 Room in the House on Ellicott Hill is available for rentals as is Ellicott Hall (a
separate building also on the hill property with a large room and kitchen facility). Click
here for details.